21 Restoration of American Shad and River Herring in Atlantic Coastal Waters - Day 1

Tuesday, September 14, 2010: 8:00 AM-3:00 PM
407 (Convention Center)
American shad and river herring serve important roles in coastal ecosystems and were historically important species for recreational and commercial harvest.  Shad, for example, once supported one of the largest fisheries along the East Coast.  However, landings have declined from about 50 million pounds at the beginning of the 20th century to 3.8 million pounds in 1980.  In 2007, the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission declared shad stocks along the East Coast had hit all-time lows.  Similar to the American shad, Atlantic river herring populations have also declined as a result of harvest pressure, habitat modification, and restricted access to spawning grounds.  In response, major efforts have been made by various Federal agencies and virtually every state agency along the East Coast to restore these fishes, including stocking hundreds of millions of larvae in recent decades, reopening historic spawning grounds, and more effectively managing the fisheries.  The purpose of our program is to provide a context for the decline of populations along the Atlantic coast of the U.S., describe past and present efforts to restore populations and how restoration efforts are monitored and evaluated, and using case studies, to discuss why shad and herring restoration has been successful in some systems and why populations have not rebounded in others.  Declining shad and herring stocks are a concern to fisheries professionals over a wide geographical region, with Pennsylvania at its heart.  Thus the location of the 140th Annual AFS Meeting in Pittsburgh provides a particularly good venue for reviewing the science and status of American shad and river herring.
Karin Limburg, PhD and Larry Miller
Karin Limburg, PhD , Larry Miller , Bill Richkus, PhD , Jim Bowker , Ron Essig and Brian Wisner
8:00 AM
Introductory remarks
Jim Bowker, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service
8:20 AM
Why should we care about shad and river herring enough to restore them?
Karin Limburg, PhD, State University of New York
8:40 AM
Relative importance of fishing, bycatch, and dam passage mortality to status of northeastern US American shad populations
Andrew Kahnle, Hudson River Fisheries Unit; Kathryn Hattala, Hudson River Fisheries Unit
9:40 AM
Evaluating restoration efforts of American shad in Virginia
Robert J. Latour, PhD, Virginia Institute of Marine Science; Eric J. Hilton, Virginia Institute of Marine Science; Brian E. Watkins, Virginia Institute of Marine Science; Troy D. Tuckey, Virginia Institute of Marine Science; Patrick D. Lynch, Virginia Institute of Marine Science; John E. Olney, Virginia Institute of Marine Science
10:00 AM
10:20 AM
The many scales of Alosa sapidissima success on the Potomac River
Jim Cummins, The Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin
10:40 AM
Evaluating benefits to American shad of habitat restored by dam removals
Joshua K. Raabe, North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, North Carolina State University; Joseph E. Hightower, PhD, U.S. Geological Survey, North Carolina State University
11:20 AM
Evaluating changes in diadromous species distributions and habitat accessibility following the Penobscot River restoration project
Tara R. Trinko, NOAA Fisheries; Kyle R. Ravana, University of Maine; Rory Saunders, NOAA Fisheries
12:00 PM
Lunch Break On Your Own
1:20 PM
Beating a dead shad: Failure and futility of shad restoration programs on dammed rivers
J. Jed Brown, US Virgin Islands Division of Fish and Wildlife
1:40 PM
Exploring spatial and temporal variation in the early life history of American shad and river herring
Kenneth L. Riley, East Carolina University; Samantha M. Binion, East Carolina University; Anthony S. Overton, PhD, East Carolina University
2:00 PM
Foraging potential of larval American shad and river herring in Lower Roanoke River and Albemarle Sound, North Carolina
Samantha M. Binion, East Carolina University; Kenneth L. Riley, East Carolina University; Anthony S. Overton, PhD, East Carolina University
Long-term effects of local hydrology and regional climate on American shad and striped bass in the Hudson River estuary (Withdrawn)
2:40 PM
A moveable feast: Striped bass predation on alosines during vernal spawning migrations
Justin P. Davis, University of Connecticut; Eric T. Schultz, PhD, University of Connecticut
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