A Responsible Approach to Marine Stock Enhancement: An Update

Tuesday, September 10, 2013: 11:40 AM
Marriott Ballroom A (The Marriott Little Rock)
Kenneth Leber , Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, FL
Kai Lorenzen , School of Forest Resources & Conservation, University of Florida, Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, Gainesville, FL
Lee Blankenship , NW Marine Technology, Tumwater, WA
Marine stock enhancement is a set of management approaches involving the release of cultured organisms to enhance or restore fisheries. Such practices, including sea ranching, stock enhancement, and restocking, are widespread, of variable success, and often controversial. A set of principles aimed at promoting responsible development of restocking, stock enhancement, and sea ranching was proposed by Blankenship and Leber [American Fisheries Society Symposia 15: 167–175 (1995)], and has gained widespread acceptance as the ‘Responsible Approach’. Fisheries science and management, in general, and many aspects of fisheries enhancement have developed rapidly since the responsible approach was first formulated. Here we provide an update to the Responsible Approach in light of these developments. The updated approach emphasizes the need for taking a broad and integrated view of the role of enhancements within fisheries management systems; using a stakeholder participatory and scientifically informed, accountable planning process; and assessing the potential contribution of enhancement and alternative or additional measures to fisheries management goals early on in the development or reform process.