Climate Adaptation for the Fisheries in Shiretoko World Natural Heritage, Japan

Monday, August 18, 2014: 4:20 PM
2103 (Centre des congrès de Québec // Québec City Convention Centre)
Mitsutaku Makino , National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research Agency, Japan, Yokohama, Japan
In the Shiretoko World Natural Heritage area, many factors have been observed that imply effects of climate change on ecosystems, such as decreases in seasonal sea ice, changes in fishing grounds, and the appearance of non-local species. This study summarizes observed and anticipated effects of such climate change on fisheries in the heritage area and discusses policy and research needs for adapting to these changes. International research and monitoring at the scale of large marine ecosystems (LMEs) is the basis of all policy measures for adapting to climate change. Several measures need to be combined, taking into account the various socio-ecological aspects of fisheries and scales of ecosystems. Such measures of adaptation should be incorporated also into the cross-sector coordination system and the Integrated Management Plan, which were established to manage the World Heritage area. Also, culture is an important part of society, and the World Heritage programme may offer clues for creating a new and peaceful culture based on the LME.